Diagnostics & Detection
Many of the same tests used to diagnose injuries or diseases also detect specific points of pain. These include:
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to make pictures of organs and structures inside the body. It can often show problem areas of the body that cannot be shown by other diagnostic imaging methods (e.g., X-ray and CT scanning). For patient comfort, ProHealth Care offers the choice of open or closed MRI.
During a closed MRI. the area of the body being imaged is enveloped in a narrow, tube-like structure. There are no openings on the sides of the machine.
An open MRI typically has two flat magnets positioned over-and-under the patient while space on the sides remains open.
64-Slice Computed tomography scanning (CT scanning)
Computed Tomography or CT imaging uses X-rays to produce images of a patient's body. But unlike a traditional two-dimensional X-ray, CT scans create detailed cross-sectional images using equipment that rotates around the body. A CT scan displays soft tissue, bones and blood vessels in a single image.The 64-slice CT scanner is even more powerful than a regular CT scanner in that it captures up to 64 simultaneous anatomical slices of 0.5 mm in a single rotation around the patient.
X-rays use external radiation to produce images of the body, its organs and other internal structures for diagnostic purposes. Different parts of the body allow varying amounts of the X-ray beams to pass through. The soft tissues in the body (such as blood, skin, fat and muscle) allow most of the X-ray to pass through and appear dark gray on the film. A bone or a tumor, both of which are denser than the soft tissues, allows less of the radiation to pass through and appears white on the X-ray.
Electromyography assesses muscle activity in response to nerve stimulation. It is used to help detect neuromuscular abnormalities. During the test, one or more small electrodes are inserted into the muscle being examined. The activity detected by the electrodes is displayed on a monitor in the form of waves. EMG measures the electrical activity of muscle during rest, slight contraction and forceful contraction.
Nerve Conduction Study (NCS)
A nerve conduction study (NCS) measures the amount and speed of an electrical impulse through a nerve. NCS is often performed in conjunction with an EMG in order to diagnose nerve damage.
Lumbar discography is used to evaluate patients with back pain who have not responded to extensive medical or therapeutic care regimens. The procedure involves inserting needles into the disc and injecting fluid that can be viewed using fluoroscopy (X-ray imaging) in order to determine the extent of disc damage.